Third World Liberation Front strikes of 1968

1960s: Days of Rage


Sit-in during SF State College strike, 1968.

“The Third World Liberation Front (TWLF) rose in 1968 as a coalition of various ethnic student groups on college campuses in California in response to the perceived Eurocentric education and lack of diversity at their respective universities, most notably at San Francisco State College (now San Francisco State University) and University of California, Berkeley. The TWLF was instrumental in creating and establishing Ethnic Studies and other identity studies as majors in their respective schools and universities across the United States. At the tail end of the American Civil Rights Movement, the combined determination of the Latin American Student Organization (LASO), the Black Student Union (BSU), the Intercollegiate Chinese for Social Action (ICSA), the Mexican American Student Confederation, the Philippine American Collegiate Endeavor (PACE)(now known as the Pilipino American Collegiate Endeavor), La Raza, the Native American Students Union, and later the

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Wild Dog – John Hoopes, Ed Dorn, Drew Wagnon, and others

1960s: Days of Rage

Wild Dog, vol. 3, no. 21 (March 1, 1966).

In many respects—name, form, and content—Wild Dog boldly embodies much of what we identify as the ‘mimeo revolution.’ Preceded in Pocatello by A Pamphlet, Wild Dog, which joined the mimeograph revolution in April 1963, was the brainchild of Edward Dorn, who was familiar with the emergence of divergent American writing through his association with Black Mountain College, where he had studied under Charles Olson and Robert Creeley. The literary direction that Dorn brought to Wild Dog encompassed writing from diverse sources including, but not limited to, writers associated with The Black Mountain Review, the San Francisco Renaissance, the Beat generation, the New York School, and certain ‘hip’ European and South American publications and poets. In its three-year history, Wild Dog moved from Pocatello, Idaho, to Salt Lake City, Utah, before ending its existence with number…

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“Hey Joe”

I never realised Hey Joe had such a chequered history but as they say, “Where there’s a hit there’s a writ”!

1960s: Days of Rage


“‘Hey Joe’ is an American popular song from the 1960s that has become a rockstandard and has been performed in many musical styles by hundreds of different artists. ‘Hey Joe’ tells the story of a man who is on the run and planning to head to Mexico after shooting his unfaithful wife. The song was registered for copyright in the United States in 1962 by Billy Roberts. However, diverse credits and claims have led to confusion about the song’s authorship. The earliest known commercial recording of the song is the late-1965 single by the Los Angeles garage bandthe Leaves; the band then re-recorded the track and released it in 1966 as a follow-up single which became a hit. The best-known version is the Jimi Hendrix Experience‘s 1966 recording. The song title is sometimes given as ‘Hey Joe, Where You Gonna Go?’ or similar…

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Make love, not war

1960s: Days of Rage


Make love, not war is an anti-war slogan commonly associated with the Americancounterculture of the 1960s. It was used primarily by those who were opposed to the Vietnam War, but has been invoked in other anti-war contexts since. The ‘make love’ part of the slogan often referred to the practice of free love that was growing among the American youth who denounced marriage as a tool for those who supported war and favored the traditional capitalist culture.  The phrase’s origins are unclear; Gershon Legman claimed to be the inventor of the phrase, so did American singer Rod McKuen, and some credit artist, social activist, folk figure, and sometime United States Presidential candidate under the Nudist Party on the Hippie ‘Love Ticket’ Louis Abolafia. Radical activists Penelope and Franklin Rosemont and Tor Faegre helped to popularize the phrase by printing thousands of ‘Make Love, Not…

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